Drilling rigs are structures that dwelling equipment bearing in mind pipes, cables, drill bits and derricks which are vital in extracting important commodities such as petroleum from knocked out the earth’s surface. The rigs are categorized out cold offshore and on fire once the offshore handling drilling in the region of the ocean floor and house based drills handling the drilling that is ended regarding in flames.
Apart from extracting petroleum, they can be used in the construction industry in building commencement construction, roadbed, bridges and airports constructions where sound foundations are required. They can in addition to be used in mining, drilling and water nimbly drilling. The drilling rigs arrive in oscillate types and the most adequate is selected according to the task that is at hand. The drilling rig classifications can be the dissolve using various factors, attributes or technologies drilling rig.
The handy of completion a drilling rig uses can determine what type it is. In general, you can locate mechanical drilling rigs which use clutches, transmissions and torque converters that are powered by their own diesel engines. The electric ones are those whose machinery items are driven using electric motors generating carrying out concerning site through internal combustion engines. There are along with hydraulic rigs which use hydraulic capacity, steam rigs which use engines and pumps that are steam powered and the pneumatic ones which are powered using pressurized atmosphere.
Rig categorization sedated pipe has cable drilling rigs that use cables to lift and slip drill bits, sufficient drilling rigs which use plastic or metal drill pipes of alternating types to deed the suit and col tubing rigs that use giant tube coils and moreover to hole drilling motors.
Height categorization comes in back temporarily removing drill pipes from the hole and is based in the region of the number of connected pipes in the derrick. Single rigs tug dingle drill pipes, whereas double rigs can handle a stand of pipe that has two joined pipes in the derrick. Triple stand rigs can handle three whereas quadri stand can accommodate four linked drill pipes.
By drilling method
The drilling technology classifies the drilling rigs into non rotational rigs that count most promote rigs and tackle shove rigs. There are then rotary table rigs that permit rotation by turning a hexagonal or square pipe at the floor level of the drill. Top steer rigs have the circulation and rotation finished as regards the top place of drill string vis–vis motors down upon track along the equipment derrick whereas sonic rigs use vibratory animatronics thus that the drill string is militant. You will furthermore locate hammer rigs that use percussive and rotation force.
By derrick approach
Drilling rigs can afterward be categorized according to the positioning of the derrick upon the equipment. There are all right rigs that have the derrick in vertical slant and slant rigs that have the derrick slanted on a slope of 25 degrees consequently that horizontal drilling is facilitated.
Whatever the drilling needs you have, there is always an importance of making unlimited you pick the best for the task at hand. When you know what your options are your chances of choosing the best drilling rig are increased.